How to Pick the Best Rifle for Deer Hunting

How to Pick the Best Rifle for Deer Hunting

When preparing for a successful deer hunt, it is essential to carefully choose the right rifle. Making sure you have the appropriate firearm minimizes the risk of causing unnecessary harm to the animal. Your shooting skills and the quality of your gun must align to achieve a humane and efficient kill.

This article breaks down the best rifle for deer hunting, covering important factors, desirable features in a hunting gun, and tips for selecting the ideal one that suits your specific hunting needs.

Keep on reading to see which rifle to hunt deer suits you best.

Kickoff to Deer Hunting Rifles

These guns are designed for taking down medium and big-sized game animals like deer, elk, or black bears at moderate ranges. They need to have enough power and accuracy, while still being portable enough to carry long distances into the wilderness on a hunt.

Some key things that distinguish deer hunting rifles are:

  • Medium/high caliber rounds like .30-30, .30-06, .308, etc. for taking down larger game: These calibers are chosen for their power and penetration, making them suitable to effectively bring down a deer with a single shot.
  • Typically bolt-action for accuracy instead of semi-auto: Bolt-action rifles are preferred for their precision and reliability when aiming at targets, especially in hunting scenarios.
  • Shorter barrels between 18-24 inches for easier maneuverability: Shorter barrels allow for better handling and maneuverability in dense woods or tight spaces.
  • Light weight: Under 8-9 lbs these rifles are good for trekking long distances.
  • Durable synthetic stocks that can handle rugged outdoor use: Great for harsh outdoor conditions during hunting trips, these rifles remain reliable and functional in any environment thanks to their synthetic stocks.
Kickoff to Deer Hunting Rifles

What Is the Best Rifle for Deer Hunting: Key Elements

Accuracy and range are the most critical factors for a good deer rifle. You need a rifle that can consistently hit a target at typical deer hunting ranges from 100-300 yards.

The main elements that determine accuracy are:

  1. Barrel: The barrel is the long metal tube that the bullet goes through when you shoot. It decides how accurate and far your shot is.
  2. Action: The action is how the rifle works to load, shoot, and get rid of used cartridges. There are different types like bolt action, lever action, semi-automatic, and pump action.
  3. Stock: This is the part you hold and rest against your shoulder when shooting. It helps keep the rifle steady and comfortable while aiming and shooting.
  4. Trigger: The trigger is what you press to make the gun shoot. It makes the firing pin hit the bullet, starting the shooting process. An easy-to-press, adjustable trigger helps you shoot more accurately.
  5. Scope: Good scopes and mounts help you aim better when shooting at targets far away. They make it easier to hit your target accurately.

Stopping power is also important so the round can quickly incapacitate the deer and prevent unnecessary suffering. This comes from the caliber, bullet type/weight, and velocity of the cartridge.

A lighter weight overall makes it easier to carry long distances and maneuver it quietly through brush when stalking deer. But there is a trade-off – lighter weight usually means more recoil.

What Are the Best Deer Hunting Rifles?

There is no single “best” rifle since every hunter has slightly different priorities and preferences. However, some of the most popular and proven options include:

  1. Remington Model 700 in .30-06: The legendary bolt-action rifle has a 3-rings-of-steel receiver, combined with a 5R barrel, that ensures exceptional strength and accuracy.
  2. Tikka T3x in .308 Win is a high-quality, affordable European bolt gun. It features a synthetic stock and modular design known for its accuracy and reliability
  3. Browning AB3 in .30-06 offers streamlined manufacturing without compromising quality. It features a composite stock for durability in adverse weather conditions. It is known for its great trigger and reliable performance.
  4. Ruger American in .308 Win is an affordable yet solid performer. Its Marksman Adjustable™ trigger allows customization of the trigger pull weight Savage Axis XP in .30-06:
  5. The Savage Axis XP comes equipped with a Weaver 3-9x40mm scope. It features a carbon steel barrel and a synthetic stock at an affordable price.
What Are the Best Deer Hunting Rifles

How to Pick the Best Rifle for Deer Hunting?

With so many great deer rifle options, how do you choose? Here are the key things to consider:

  1. Purpose: Determine if you are targeting only deer or larger game. For bigger animals, use heavier .30-06 bullets. Choose a rifle optimized for long-range shooting if hunting in open fields, or a shorter, more maneuverable rifle for dense wooded areas or close encounters. Opt for an 18-20″ barrel for easier maneuvering in thick brush or a 22-24″ barrel in open areas for better performance.
  2. Action type: While bolt actions are the most common, some hunters prefer lever or semi-automatic actions for different reasons. Bolt-action rifles are known for their reliability, accuracy, and safety. They typically feature excellent triggers, enhancing precision and control.Lever, pump, and auto actions are less suitable Although these actions enable quicker follow-up shots, the initial shot holds the most significance in deer hunting.
  3. Weight and barrel length: The ideal rifle weight is between 7 and 8 pounds (including scope, sling, and a full magazine). This balances portability and stability. A barrel length of 20 to 24 inches is common for deer rifles. Longer barrels are more accurate, while shorter barrels are more maneuverable in tight spaces.
  4. Caliber Selection: Common calibers include .243 Winchester, .270 Winchester, .308 Winchester, and .30-06 Springfield.
  5. Recoil: Lighter rifles and bigger calibers like .30-06 will kick more. Consider your recoil tolerance.
  6. Price: Rifles range from $300 for basic models up to $1,500+ for premium guns. There is something for everybody and every budget.

Wrap Up

Choosing the best deer hunting rifles depends on your specific situation and needs as a hunter. While there are many excellent options to choose from, you also need to consider the caliber, weight, price, intended purpose, and your own recoil tolerance. With some research, you can find the perfect deer rifle to make those ethical, humane kills.

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